Ateroemboliya renal arteries
Ateroemboliya renal arteries

Atheroemboli renal artery occlusion of renal arterioles by an embolus leading to the progressive deterioration of renal function. The disease occurs due to rupture of atheromatous plaques. It is manifested by symptoms of kidney failure; possible symptoms common arterial embolism. The diagnosis is confirmed by biopsy of the kidneys. Long-term prognosis is usually poor. Treatment...

Protein diet for weight loss – rules, products, menus for the week, the results
How to lose weight on the protein diet? The rules of food allowed foods sample menu for a day, a week. Recipes, tips, reviews
Protein diet - the basic rules of nutrition, the recommendations of nutritionists. Compiling a sample menu: for three days, 5 days, 7 days, 14 days. How to lose weight with protein diet – tips and reviews
Minimal change disease
Disease minimal

Minimal change disease has an acute onset and is manifested by edema and heavy proteinuria, mostly in children. Renal function is usually preserved. The diagnosis is made empirically or on the basis of renal biopsy. The prognosis is favorable. Treatment of minimal change disease includes the administration of glucocorticoids or cyclophosphamide, or cyclosporine...

Thin basement membrane disease
Thin basement membrane disease

Disease thin basal membranes — diffuse thinning of the basal membrane of the glomeruli to 150-225 nm. Disease thin basal membranes is hereditary and usually transmitted in an autosomal dominant. Not all genetic mutations have been described, but some families with the disease a thin basal membranes have been identified with...

sick newborn
sick newborn

Difficulties arise when a sick or premature baby you need to be hospitalized after birth due to illness. Parents may not be able to see a sick child during hospitalization or transport to another hospital. Some children in connection with the treatment requires a longer stay in...

Large for gestational age baby
Large for gestational age baby

Infants whose weight is greater than 90 percentile for the corresponding gestational age are classified as large for gestational age. The predominant cause is diabetes in the mother. Complications include birth trauma, hypoglycemia and hyperbilirubinemia. In addition to genetically determined body size, the main reason that the newborn...

vegetative
vegetative

Vegetative. Regulates all physiological processes in the human body, it happens autonomously, without control by the consciousness. The ANS consists of two parts — the sympathetic and parasympathetic nervous system. Violations in the activity of the ANS can affect the functioning of all organs and systems. These violations...

Congenital cystic renal dysplasia
Congenital cystic renal dysplasia

Congenital cystic dysplasia of the kidneys is a broad category of sporadic congenital malformations, including metanephrine malformation or congenital obstructive uropathy. Urologic disorders include obstruction of the ureteropelvic and vesicoureteral segment. Neurogenic bladder, ureterocele, posterior urethral valves and cropped belly syndrome, prune-belly (triad defects...

Hemodialysis
Hemodialysis

In hemodialysis the patient's blood is fed into the dialyzer containing two liquid compartment formed in series or parallel hollow capillary fibers and sheets of semi-permeable membranes. In either configuration the blood in the first compartment is fed along one side of a semipermeable membrane, while crystalloid solution is delivered...

Glomerular diseases
Glomerular diseases

Glomerular diseases klassificeret appearing mainly hematuria, proteinuria intensive or both. These diseases can be primary or be secondary causes. Pathophysiology nephritic and nephrotic diseases are significantly different, but their clinical manifestations are of great importance, as several...

Children with chronic health problems
Children with chronic health problems

Chronic health problems (Cochranites illness, and physical disabilities) usually define as a condition that lasts over 12 months and severe enough to cause some disability. It is estimated that chronic health problems have been reported in 10-30 % of children depend on...

Benign hypertensive arteriolar nephrosclerosis
Benign hypertensive arteriolar nephrosclerosis

Benign hypertensive arteriolar nephrosclerosis is progressive disease caused by chronic poorly controlled hypertension. Can develop symptoms of chronic renal failure and symptoms secondary damage of target organs in arterial hypertension. The diagnosis is primarily clinical and is confirmed by laboratory tests. Treatment consists in strict...

Long-term renal replacement therapy
Long-term renal replacement therapy

All patients with long-term renal replacement therapy develop related metabolic and other disorders that require appropriate attention and extra care. The approach to treatment depends on the patient but usually include nutritional modification and treatment of multiple metabolic abnormalities. Diet for renal replacement...

Malignant hypertensive arteriolar nephrosclerosis
Malignant hypertensive arteriolar nephrosclerosis

Malignant hypertensive arteriolar nephrosclerosis — a sharp deterioration in renal function, occurring secondary to severe hypertension. At the same time develop the symptoms of renal failure and severe hypertension. The diagnosis is primarily clinical and is confirmed by laboratory tests. When AD normalization in most patients...

Immunological changes in newborns
Immunological changes in newborns

At birth a large part of the immune mechanisms are not fully developed; the more premature the child, the more pronounced. Thus, all newborns and children of the first half are in the immune deficiency relative to adults and increased risk for development of severe...

How to eat healthy: basics of healthy nutrition, selection of foods, menu planning
How to organize proper nutrition? A list of useful products. Menu - a week, a month; for women, men and children
Proper nutrition: how to change the diet and to choose the necessary products. The principles of healthy nutrition and recommendations for their implementation. Menu options: for 7 days, a month, for girls, for men, for children.
How to make yogurt at home – cooking recipes
What are the benefits of homemade yogurt? How to prepare at home - recipes, secrets, nuances
What are the benefits and benefits of homemade yogurt? How to make yogurt at home - recipes, tips on food choices and cooking methods.
Cystic renal disease syndromes malformation
Cystic renal disease syndromes malformation

Cyst kidney — the characteristic manifestations of many congenital systemic anomalies. Violations include oral-digital-facial syndrome, a disease Von Hp-pel-Lndau, tuberous sclerosis, Zellweger, Joubert, vem-ark, Meckler-Gruber, Laurence Moon, Ehlers-Danlos, Ells-van Creveld, Goldston, Melnck-Fraser syndromes and epixylous thoracic dystrophy. Trisomy 13,18,21 also often associated with...

Kontrastnaya nephropathy
Kontrastnaya nephropathy

All of iodinated radiopaque drugs are nephrotoxic. The exact mechanism of toxicity is unknown, but I suspect that plays a role as some combination of renal vasoconstriction and window, possibly mediated by free oxygen radicals. The risk factors for nephrotoxicity include advanced age, preexisting renal insufficiency, diabetes mellitus, heart failure, multiple...

Lung disorders in newborns
Lung disorders in newborns

The lungs of the fetus are developing throughout the prenatal period, and relatively well-developed alveoli are found to the 25th week. The lungs constantly produce fluid, the transudate from pulmonary capillaries plus the surfactant secreted by pnevmotsitami of the second type. For normal gas exchange after birth, alveolar and interstitial fluid...

Drug treatment of children
Drug treatment of children

Drug treatment in children differs from that in adults in the first place, what dose of the drug is calculated based on the weight of the child. Dose (and interval between doses of medication) are different due to age-related absorption, distribution, metabolism and elimination of drug...

Medullary sponge kidney
Medullary sponge kidney

Medullary sponge kidney is formation of diffuse located bilateral medullary cysts caused by abnormalities of the renal calyx around the terminal collective tubules. Causes of medullary sponge kidney is unknown, but genetic transmission occurs in 5% of cases or more. The disease is most often seen among patients with...

Metastatic kidney cancer
Metastatic kidney cancer

Metastatic renal cancer. Cancer of other sites can metastasize to the kidneys. The most common: melanoma and solid tumors, especially lung, breast, stomach, female genital organs, intestines, pancreas. Leukemia and lymphoma can infiltrate the kidney, which in this case appear enlarged, often asymmetric. Although...

Premature baby, how to prevent premature birth
Premature infant - diagnosis, symptoms, treatment and prevention of complications

A premature baby is a baby born before 37 weeks of gestation. Full term gestation is 40 weeks. In children born before 37 weeks of gestation, an increased incidence of complications and mortality, which is approximately proportional to the degree of prematurity. Preterm birth is one of...

Continuous hemofiltration and hemodialysis
Continuous hemofiltration and hemodialysis

Methods continuous hemofiltration and hemodialysis was filtered and deleteroute blood without interruption; the main advantage lies in the ability to remove large amounts of fluid, avoiding episodes of hypotension caused by intermittent hemodialysis. That is why the procedure is shown hemodynamically unstable patients with acute renal failure and/or in need of...

Failure to receive children of the drug
Failure to receive children of the drug

Failure to comply with the guidelines for the use of drugs. The level of albumin and total protein lower in infants, but reaches adult level by 10-12 months. Reduced protein binding in neonates is also associated with qualitative differences in the composition of proteins and competitive binding with...

Nephritic and nephrotic syndrome
Nephritic and nephrotic syndrome

Some glomerular diseases are usually manifested features of nephritic and nephrotic syndrome. They include fibrous and immunotactoid glomerulonephritis, membrane proliferative GN and lupus nephritis. Immunotactoid and fibrillar glomerulopathy is a rare condition characterized by morphologically organized microvillous inclusions are not amyloid or microrobotic structures within the renal...

nephritic syndrome
nephritic syndrome

Nephritic syndrome is defined by the presence of hematuria and erythrocyte cylinders microscopic analysis of urinary sediment. Often there are also one or more of the following elements of the syndrome: proteinuria, mild to moderate edema, hypertension, increase in creatinine concentrations and oliguria. Syndrome can be a primary...

Nefronoftiz and medullary cystic kidney disease
Nefronoftiz and medullary cystic kidney disease

Nephronophtisis and medullary cystic kidney disease — congenital disease, which lead to the formation of cysts medulla of the kidney or of cortico-medullary border and, eventually, to kidney failure. Nephronophtisis and medullary cystic disease considered together because they share many characteristics....

Nephropathy abuse of analgesics
Nephropathy abuse of analgesics

Nephropathy abuse of analgesics is HTEN caused by the cumulative effect used throughout the life of a large number of certain analgesic drugs. Nephropathy abuse of analgesics, was originally described the abuse of combination analgesics containing phenacetin. However, despite removal of phenacetin from the market, the NZA continued to watch. Studies conducted...

Nephropathy heavy metals
Nephropathy heavy metals

Lead. HTEN develops with the accumulation of lead in cells of the proximal tubules. Short-term lead exposure causes proximal tubular dysfunction, including decreased urate secretion and hyperuricemia, AMI nouriture and glucosuria. Chronic lead intoxication causes progressive tubular atrophy, interstitial fibrosis, arterial hypertension and gout. Chronic...

Occlusion of renal arteries
Occlusion of renal arteries

Occlusion of renal arteries — acute or chronic impairment of blood flow through one or both main renal arteries or their branches, usually the result of embolism, atherosclerosis or fibromuscular dysplasia. The symptoms of occlusion of renal arteries, acute occlusion include a persistent, intense pain in the side, abdomen,...

Lower nephron syndrome
Lower nephron syndrome

Acute tubular necrosis is characterized by acute damage kanaltsevy cells and dysfunction, causing renal failure. Common causes of acute tubular necrosis— hypotension causing hypoperfusion of the kidneys and nephrotoxic drugs. The disease is asymptomatic until the development of renal failure. The diagnosis of acute tubular necrosis, I suspect, if azotemia occurs...

fractures
fractures

Fracture of the clavicle, most common fracture during birth, occurs when the difficulty of the birth of the coat hanger under normal non-traumatic childbirth. First, the newborn child is restless and does not move the arm on the affected side, neither spontaneously nor when you call the Moro reflex. Most clavicle fractures happen...

Prolonged baby
Prolonged baby

Post-term infant is a baby born after 42 weeks of gestation. Reasons perenashivanie usually unknown. Very rarely it may occur due to anomalies that affect the pituitary-adrenal system of the fetus (e.g. anencephaly or agenesis of the adrenal glands). Causes At delayed involution of the placenta, and numerous...

peritoneoclysis
peritoneoclysis

In peritoneal dialysis uses the peritoneum as a natural permeable membrane through which can equilibrate the concentration of solutes and water. Peritoneal dialysis is less physiologically stressful than hemodialysis, does not require vascular access, can be performed at home and allows patients much greater flexibility. However...

pubescence
pubescence

Puberty is a period consistent for a child to acquire the physical characteristics of an adult, which determine the state of maturity, and the ability to bear children. The levels of circulating LH and FSH Over the past 150 years the age at which puberty starts has decreased primarily because of improvements...

renal glycosuria
renal glycosuria

Renal glycosuria — presence of glucose in the urine without hyperglycemia; it is caused by inherited, isolated defect in glucose transport or occurs on the other kanelidou renal pathology. Renal glycosuria — excretion of glucose in urine at normal concentrations of blood glucose. Pathology is usually accompanied by a decrease in...

Renal replacement therapy
Renal replacement therapy

Renal replacement therapy replaces endokrinnuju renal function in patients with renal insufficiency and is sometimes used in some forms of poisoning. Methods include periodic hemodialysis, continuous hemofiltration, hemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis. All methods based on the exchange of solutes and removal of the fluid and pathological...

Renal disease associated with multiple myeloma
Renal disease associated with multiple myeloma

Patients with multiple myeloma disease have increased production of monoclonal legazpicity lg. These chains are filtered by the glomeruli and have nephrotoxicity and can damage virtually all region of the renal parenchyma. Mechanisms of nephrotoxicity are unknown. The most common tubulointerstitial and glomerular damage. Tubulointerstitial pathology. Light chain...

Renal tubular acidosis
Renal tubular acidosis

Renal tubular acidosis — acidosis and electrolyte disorder caused by impaired renal excretion of hydrogen ions, reabsorption of a violation of the NSO, or abnormal aldosterone production or response to aldosterone. The disease can be asymptomatic, manifest with symptoms of electrolyte disorders or progression to chronic renal failure....

Renal cortical necrosis
Renal cortical necrosis

Renal cortical necrosis — destruction of cortical tissue resulting from lesions of the arterioles of the kidneys and leading to kidney failure. This is a rare violation, as a rule, meet in newborns, pregnant and in the postpartum period, occurring with complications or sepsis. Symptoms of renal cortical necrosis include...

Proper nutrition for weight loss – the basic rules, sample menu
How to lose weight quickly on the correct food at home - everything you need to know about PP
The essence and principles of PP. What foods are allowed and which are forbidden in a healthy diet. Proper diet for weight loss for girls and men. Sample menu with recipes.
Acquired renal cysts
Acquired renal cysts

Acquired renal cysts are simple cysts that should be differentiated from other causes of cystic disease. Acquired cysts are usually simple kidney cysts, ie, they are round, and clearly limited to smooth walls. They can be single or multiple. Single cysts isolated and often...

placenta increment
placenta increment

Maternal age over 35, previous caesarean section or myomectomy, inside defects and uterine fibroids. This pathology occurs in almost 25 % of women who have a history of placenta previa and more than two caesarean sections. Adherent placenta can sometimes...

Child development
Child development

Physical All organs and systems, as well as the organism as a whole, have the highest growth during adolescence; the most striking changes occur with the Breasts in girls, sexual organs and body hair in teenagers of both sexes. Even if the process proceeds normally, the child...

neonatal resuscitation
neonatal resuscitation

Approximately 10% of newborns in varying degrees, in need of resuscitation at birth. The reasons for this are numerous, but in newborns in the presence of me-Konia amniotic fluid and then conducted with breaks, avoiding deep reorganization of the oropharynx. For aspiration of mucus requires the correct...

Reproductive Endocrinology men
Reproductive Endocrinology men

Sexual development and sexual function of men depends on complex interaction of hypothalamus, pituitary and testicles. Male sexual dysfunction may be due to secondary hypogonadism in men and other diseases. Physiology of reproductive endocrinology men, the Hypothalamus produces gonadotropin-releasing hormone which is released in a pulsed...

retinopathy of prematurity
retinopathy of prematurity

Retinopathy of prematurity is a bilateral disease characterized by retinal vascularization in premature infants, especially very low body weight at birth. Outcomes vary from maintaining normal vision to blindness. The diagnosis is made by ophthalmoscopy. Treatment of severe forms of the disease may include cryotherapy or...

Reflyuksnaya nefropatyya
Reflyuksnaya nefropatyya

Reflux nephropathy — scarring of the kidneys caused by vesico-urethral reflux of infected urine into the renal parenchyma. Chronic pyelonephritis also may play a role, but uti without intrarenal reflux is unlikely to cause nephropathy. Vesico-urethral reflux occurs in approximately 1 % of newborns and...

head Birth trauma
head Birth trauma

Which causes birth trauma? Deformation of the head often occurs during childbirth pervias naturalis due to the high pressure generated by uterine contractions on the soft skull of the fetus during its passage through the birth canal. Generic tumor (caput succeda-neum) is a swelling prelease of the head....

Birth trauma in the newborn
Birth trauma in the newborn

Frequency increases significantly with the birth weight less than 1500 g. Survey due to birth trauma. The Apgar score from 0 to 2 points for exhibiting at each of the 5 indicators of the condition of the newborn (appearance, pulse, reflexes, activity and respiration). The rating depends on...

Delivery using forceps and vacuum extraction
Delivery using forceps and vacuum extraction

Forceps and vacuum extractor is a device used to overlay the head of the fetus to extract the fetus vaginally. Delivery with forceps and vacuum extraction has the same testimony. The choice depends to a large extent from the doctor. This manipulation is performed in...

Cardiovascular system newborns
Cardiovascular system newborns

Fetal circulation is characterized by right-left discharge of blood through the patent ductus arteriosus (connecting the pulmonary artery with the aorta) and the oval window (connects right and left atrium) to bypass deoxygenated lungs. Discharge of the blood is due to the high resistance of the pulmonary arteries and a relatively low resistance current...

Serpovidno-kletochnaya nephropathy
Serpovidno-kletochnaya nephropathy

Sickle cell nephropathy — a progressive kidney dysfunction that occurs due to the appearance of sickle-shaped erythrocytes in kidney capillaries. The disease is manifested by symptoms of kidney failure and painless with gross hematuria, infections of the urinary tract and polyuria. The diagnosis is primarily clinical. The prognosis of sickle cell nephropathy is poor. Treatment of sickle cell nephropathy is to prevent...

Bartter syndrome
Bartter syndrome

Syndrome Bartter — a set of disorders of water, electrolyte and hormonal balance, harakteryzuyutsya renal excretion of potassium, sodium and chloride; hypokalemia; hyperaldosteronism a; hyperreninemia and normal blood pressure. Syndrome Bartter meet the children, it leads to electrolyte disorders and disorders of growth. The diagnosis of syndrome Bartter helps the study of electrolytes...

Liddle syndrome
Liddle syndrome

Liddle syndrome is a rare hereditary disorder in which the kidneys excreting potassium but retain too much sodium and fluid, resulting in hypertension. Symptoms Middle include hypertension, fluid retention and metabolic alkalosis. Diagnosis of the syndrome Liddle based on the determination of the concentrations of urine electrolytes....

Scleroderma renal disease
Scleroderma renal disease

Scleroderma renal disease develops when scleroderma affects the kidneys and leads to kidney failure. The symptoms of scleroderma renal disease reflect the symptoms of scleroderma, chronic renal failure and hypertension. Sclero-dermal renal crisis — an acute manifestation of hypertensive crisis and renal failure, which is usually preceded by the deterioration...

child death
child death

Problems often arise when a family has a sick and dying child; particularly problematic are the attempts of the child to survive the death of a friend or family member. The death of a child. Most often a child dies in a hospital or intensive care unit. A child can die after a long illness,...

Spinal Cord Injury
Spinal Cord Injury

Spinal cord injury is rare and involves the tearing of the spinal cord varying degrees, often with hemorrhage. Very rarely a complete break of the spinal cord. Injury usually occurs in childbirth in the gluteal predlejanii after excessive longitudinal stretching of the spine. Can also follow hyperrational neck...

Soft tissue injury
Soft tissue injury

All soft tissues are prone to damage during delivery if they were predlagay part or point of action of the force of uterine contractions. Swelling and ekhimozy often follow after a trauma, especially the periorbital and facial tissues in facial predlejanii and scrotum or labia in...

Brachial Plexus Injury
Brachial Plexus Injury

Injury to the brachial plexus occur as a result of stretching, which is caused by a difficulty in the eruption of a coat hanger, removing the fetus in breech presentation or giperatidnyi neck in cephalic presentation. Damage can occur through simple stretching, hemorrhage into the nerve, rupture of a nerve or its root or break...

Injury of cranial nerves
Injury of cranial nerves

Наиболее часто происходит повреждение лицевого нерва. Несмотря на то что часто это связано с наложением щипцов, большинство травм, вероятно, являются следствием давления, действующего на нерв в матке, что может происходить из-за положения плода (например, головка располагается напротив плеча, мыса крестца…

Renal vein thrombosis
Renal vein thrombosis

Тромбоз почечной вены — окклюзия одной или обеих главных почечных вен, приводящая к острой или хронической почечной недостаточности. Частые причины включают нефротический синдром, первичные нарушения свертывающей системы, злокачественные опухоли почек и сдавление извне. Могут возникнуть симптомы почечной недостаточности, тошнота, рвота,…

tubulointerstitial disease
tubulointerstitial disease

Тубулоинтерстициальные заболевания — клинически гетерогенная группа нарушений, разделяющих сходные особенности повреждения канальцев и интерстиция. В тяжелых и длительных случаях вся почка может вовлекаться в патологический процесс, с развитием гломерулярной дисфункции и даже почечной недостаточности. Первичные категории тубулоинтерстициальных болезней — острый…

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