Muscle atrophy – the result of a pathological process in which the muscles gradually decrease in volume, and their fibres begin to degenerate and strongly become thinner until the complete disappearance. As a result, the muscle tissue loses its motor function, leading to the restriction or complete loss of motor activity.
Pathology can be hereditary (primary optic atrophy) – in this case, the impetus for its development can be: infectious processes, physical stress, injuries, abnormalities in the brain. Symptoms: reduced muscle tone, rapid fatigue, tremor of the limbs.
Secondary atrophy often occurs as a complication after an injury or infectious inflammatory processes. Symptoms: fatigue during exercise and the appearance of pain in muscles, changes of gait, loss of sensation in limbs, restrictions in physical activity.
Treatment of muscle atrophy long-lasting, complex (drug therapy, physical therapy, vitamin therapy), and should be done under the supervision of physicians.