Diabetes in men – causes, symptoms and treatment

Diabetes in men, is a chronic endocrine disease characterized by metabolic carbohydrates and fluid in the body. It provokes a malfunction in the pancreas, which is responsible for insulin production. If it is produced in insufficient quantities, then there is an increase in glucose levels. This condition is considered very dangerous to all organ systems. The glucose gradually accumulates in the blood vessels and destroys vital organs. It is important to seek help to the doctor-endocrinologist and begin treatment.

Сахарный диабет - эндокринное заболевание, которое характеризуется повышением уровня сахара в крови из-за нарушения работы поджелудочной железы
Diabetes – endocrine disease characterized by increased sugar levels in the blood due to disruption of the pancreas

The causes of the disease in men

Diabetes occurs in the background of the following reasons:

  • overweight;
  • genetic predisposition;
  • improper diet;
  • diseases of the cardiovascular system;
  • the lack of physical activity;
  • long term treatment with hypotensive drugs, diuretics and glucocorticoid hormones;
  • frequent stress, depression and emotional stress;
  • internal infection;
  • chronic pathology.

symptomatology

Diet in type 2 diabetes should contain lesser amounts of fats. You should limit the intake of alcohol and salt, increase intake of fiber and coarse carbohydrates. They normalize blood pressurestabilized lipid levels and maintain normal body weight.

The first signs of diabetes in men include:

  • the decrease or increase of body weight;
  • sleep disturbance;
  • increased appetite;
  • fatigue and drowsiness;
  • itching in the groin;
  • sweating;
  • infertility.
Сахарный диабет у мужчин сопровождается увеличением массы тела
Diabetes in men is accompanied by an increase in body weight

Diabetes type 1 diabetes appear such signs:

  • excessive thirst;
  • itching;
  • frequent urination;
  • chronic fatigue;
  • quick weight reduction;
  • decreased performance;
  • lack of appetite;
  • reduced potency.

Type 2 diabetes you'll be a gradual development. Men with this disease to slowly heal wounds, even small cuts. He complains of severe fatigue, blurred vision and memory. Also he is concerned by the following symptoms:

  • the destruction of tooth enamel;
  • bleeding gums;
  • hair loss;
  • violation of urination;
  • the decrease in visual acuity.
  • dry skin;
  • lethargy and depression;
  • increased appetite;
  • a feeling of intense thirst;
  • rapid weight loss;
  • the frequent occurrence of fungal diseases;
  • mood swings.

For the diagnosis of diabetes by a physician, a General analysis of blood and urine, blood chemistry hormonal studies and glucose tolerance test. If you suspect that comorbidities and complications need CT scan, EEG, MRT and ultrasonography of the kidneys.

medication

In an adult the blood sugar level is considered normal if it ranges from 3.2 to 5.6 mmol/liter. These indicators vary depending on the meal and age. If the blood sampling is made from the vein, then the norm is considered an indicator of 6.0 to 6.3 mmol/liter. The detection of blood sugar more than 7 mmol/l the patient is diagnosed with prediabetes, which is characterized by violation of absorption of monosaccharides.

If a man diagnosed with type I diabetes, the treatment involves insulin injections. In this form of the disease drugs and other treatments do not bring positive results.

In the second type of diabetes it is important to follow a special diet to maintain normal blood sugar levels. Additionally, the doctor appoints drugs that reduce the concentration of sugar in the blood Glucophage, Siofor and Maniel. Also, therapy can be used agonists of GLP-1 receptor – Beta and Victoza. They are released in the form of a pen. Injections should be done strictly according to the guidelines spelled out in the instructions.

To remove toxins from the intestines, the patient must periodically take sorbents – Maalox, Smectite, aluminium phosphate gel, or Enterosgel. Diabetes type 1 diabetes effectively to drink probiotics Bifiform, Linex, Lactose and others. Their mechanism of action aimed at the suppression of pathogenic microorganisms. When dysbiosis effectively to take enzymes – CREON, alatrofloxacin, Pancreatin and Anziani. They normalize the digestive process. However, they should not be abused, as may appear complications of diabetes.

Please note! Is recommended daily exercise. Sports should be modest.

При сахарном диабете полезны занятия спортом
In diabetes useful exercise

To normalize the vascular tone and level of blood pressure it is possible through yoga. Systematic exercises also promote weight loss, production of serotonin, calm the nervous system and increase insulin levels, which improves the overall health of the patient.

Treatment folk methods

at diabetes type 2 men for the treatment is possible to use such folk remedies:

  1. Cinnamon. The spice normalizes the level of sugar. It is useful to use as a tincture. Mix 5 g of herbs and 200 ml of boiling water, after 30 minutes, add 10 g honey. Drink 100 ml of product for half an hour before Breakfast and another 100 ml for the night. Take the infusion within 1 week.
  2. Plantain. The plant is used for the prevention of heart disease, cleansing the intestines and lowering cholesterol. To prepare the broth should take 20 grams of raw and 250 ml of water, boil for 5 minutes. Drink the resulting remedy thrice a day for 15 ml.
  3. Burdock. Take 15 ml of juice of burdock root to 3 times a day. In meals you can add the young leaves of the plant.
  4. Linden flowers. Beneficial instead of normal tea drink green tea for 5 days. This drink will reduce blood sugar levels by 45%. To prepare it, you should take 300 grams of dried flowers in 2 liters of water, boil for 15 minutes.
  5. Sauerkraut. Useful to use not only Kale, but and brine. It includes chromium, stimulating the production of insulin.
  6. Celery. Grind in a meat grinder 500 g root celery and mix with the juice from 6 lemons. Leave the mixture on water bath for 2 hours. Cooked the way to drink 25 ml half an hour before Breakfast. It must be stored in the refrigerator.

Well-proven diabetes aromatherapy. To get rid of headache and depression will help geranium. It is enough to add 1 drop of essential oil in 250 ml of water at room temperature. Drink 2 times a day during the week. It is useful to add an air of geranium in the bath in an amount of 8-10 drops.

Antidiabetic means are considered as the juniper berries. Add them to meals in powdered form throughout the month. The scent of juniper normalizes blood pressure, improves sleep quality and refreshment. Contraindicated in kidney disease.

Famous doctor of medical Sciences Ivan Pavlovich Neumyvakin recommended that diabetics treated with hydrogen peroxide. It should be added to 1 drop in 50 ml of water. Over time, the dosage should be increased to 7 drops per reception. The course of treatment lasts 10 days, then requires a 3-day break.

The healer Lyudmila Kim to lower blood sugar recommends that you use the tool on the basis of the lemon, parsley and garlic:

  1. Take 100 g of fresh lemon peel.
  2. Clear 300 g of garlic.
  3. Wash 300 grams of parsley root.
  4. All the ingredients grind in a meat grinder.
  5. Stir well.
  6. Put the mixture in a glass jar.
  7. Insist 14 days.

Use the infusion of 10 ml half an hour before a meal.

Dining with diabetes

При сахарном диабете нужно питаться сбалансированно, а также ограничить употребление углеводов
Diabetes need to eat balanced and reduce carbohydrate intake

Men with diabetes should be explored and balanced to eat. Instead of sugar, the patient must use a sweetener. Diet in type 2 diabetes should contain lesser amounts of fats. You should limit the intake of alcohol and salt, increase intake of fiber and fibered carbohydrates. They normalize blood pressure, regulate lipid levels and maintain normal body weight.

Diabetics should abandon the following products:

  • fatty sauces;
  • sour cream;
  • mayonnaise;
  • meat broths;
  • meat and fatty fish;
  • margarine;
  • butter;
  • marinades;
  • seeds;
  • nuts;
  • pasta;
  • semolina;
  • white rice;
  • dairy products with high fat content;
  • butter products;
  • vegetable oil;
  • confectionery;
  • figs, bananas, grapes, strawberry;
  • sodas.

Daily calorie needs in men with diabetes type 2 diabetes is 2000-2600 calories. Fasting is strictly prohibited. If the body will get less than 1500 calories, then there will be a violation of metabolism, lower immunity, reduced mass of muscle tissue and appear fat hepatotoxicity.

Please note! Diabetics should not limit themselves to drinking as it can cause dehydration and lead to hyperosmolar coma.

To the allowed foods for diabetes are:

  • fish low-fat varieties of baked or boiled;
  • vegetable and mushroom soups;
  • chicken, rabbit meat and lean beef;
  • wheat and rye bread;
  • skim milk;
  • dairy products;
  • buckwheat, oatmeal, barley and barley grits;
  • cucumbers, tomatoes, cabbage, zucchini, eggplant;
  • grapefruit, apples;
  • compotes;
  • jelly;
  • fruit, berry and vegetable fresh juices;
  • tea without sugar.

The consequences of diabetes in men

In the absence of therapeutic interventions diabetes after age 50 can cause men a number of complications:

Сахарный диабет может спровоцировать развитие ишемической болезни сердца
Diabetes can trigger the development of coronary heart disease

Diabetes in men has a negative impact on the mental state, reduces work capacity and physical endurance, increases the risk of comorbidities.

Please note! Doctors recommend abandon parachuting, diving and climbing all who suffer with diabetes.

Lesions of the autonomic system is characterized by abdominal distention a drop in blood pressure, dyspeptic disorders and a feeling of heaviness after eating.

If the patient has dramatically decreased the level of glucose in the blood, it indicates a hypoglycemic coma. Without emergency care the probability of death is extremely high.

With a lack of insulin and a sudden increase in the concentration of blood glucose hyperglycemic coma occurs. Person concerned about the weakness and drowsiness, appetite lost, but increases thirst. Observed rapid breathing and increased urination.

One of the main symptoms is considered to be hyperglycemic coma smell of acetone from the mouth. Limbs may twitch slightly, the blood pressure falls, the skin sensitivity is reduced. This condition occurs when poor diet, injury, infected by an infectious disease, or incorrect insulin delivery. Before arrival of physicians the person should be laid on its side to prevent zapadaniya language and ensure the normal air supply.

Quite often, diabetes causes erectile dysfunction. Potency develops on the background of hormonal imbalance, emotions, nervous system and blood vessels. Diabetes in men, reduced libido, absent morning erections. She also becomes unstable during Masturbation and sexual arousal, reduced volume of ejaculate, a doctor can diagnose infertility.

prevention

To avoid developing diabetes are advised to observe the following rules:

  1. To abandon the use of alcoholic beverages and Smoking.
  2. To eat a balanced.
  3. To regularly exercise.
  4. I cannot take any medicines only prescribed by your doctor.
  5. To control body weight.
  6. To strengthen immunity vitamin-mineral complexes.
  7. In a timely manner to treat diseases of the endocrine system.
  8. Not to neglect the passage of a routine physical.
  9. Periodically check the blood sugar using a blood glucose meter, or to pass the laboratory analysis.

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Olga therapist
Author: Updated article: 14.04.2019
I wish You the time of day. I therapist, with experience of over 17 years in public hospitals and private clinics of Moscow, St. Petersburg. Constantly expand their sphere of knowledge, modern and better ways to treat diseases. On the pages of this online medical directory Simptom-Lechenie.ru share with readers his knowledge and advice, respond to comments and questions. Waiting for Your feedback.

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