Staphylococcus aureus in nose – causes, symptoms and treatment

Staphylococcus aureus in the nose - the main symptoms: Diarrhea Runny nose Fever Vomiting Weakness Rash on the face Nausea

Golden staphylococcus nose or aureus is an infectious pathology characterized by active multiplication of bacteria in the nasopharynx, causing purulent-inflammatory processes. Scientists distinguish more than 20 types aureus. Most of them are considered to be safe by the representatives of the human microflora, but Staphylococcus aureus can cause various diseases.

При золотистом стафилококке в носу, активно размножающиеся бактерии в носоглотке человека вызывает гнойно-воспалительные процессы
When Staphylococcus aureus in the nose actively breeding bacteria in the nasopharynx causing human inflammatory processes

Description

Staphylococcus is a group of pathogenic bacteria that live on human skin and mucous membranes. They produce enzymes and toxic substances that adversely affect the viability of the cells. To stop the multiplication of staphylococci can only be strong immunity. If a person fails, pathogens are beginning to develop, causing inflammation and compromising its health.

Professionals severity staphylococci are divided into 2 classes:

  1. Opportunistic. The bacteria provoke an inflammatory process of moderate severity and relatively easy therapy.
  2. Certainly pathogenic. If time does not start correctly treated, the microorganisms can lead to cell death and serious complications.
При сильном иммунитете размножение стафилококков невозможно, если же иммунитет ослаблен, то заразиться можно воздушно-капельным путем или контактно-бытовым, также возможно внутриутробное заражение
With strong immunity reproduction of staphylococci impossible, if the immune system is weakened, it can become infected by airborne droplets or contact-household, it is also possible intrauterine infection

Staphylococcus aureus in the nose is transferred in the following ways:

  1. Airborne. Infected person when coughing, sneezing, or during a call, emit into the environment of pathogenic bacteria that enter the nasal cavity to the other.
  2. In utero. Staph infection in children is often passed from an infected mother. Infection can occur in utero, during childbirth or lactation.
  3. Contact-household. The use of personal hygiene of other people, by touching an infected person, and by kissing.

The factors causing the staph in your nose and throat specialists include:

  • hypothermia;
  • SARS and the flu;
  • prolonged use of vasoconstrictor drops;
  • age;
  • health;
  • prolonged use of cytotoxic drugs and corticosteroids;
  • exacerbation of chronic pharyngitis or tonsillitis;
  • a lot of stress;
  • the use of low-quality food;
  • injections and other medical procedures
Переохлаждение, ОРВИ и грипп, возраст, состояние здоровья, стресс - факторы провоцирующие стафилококк в носу и горле
Hypothermia, SARS and influenza, age, health status, stress factors of Staphylococcus aureus in the nose and throat

Most susceptible to Staphylococcus aureus neonates children, women during pregnancy, the elderly and those who have chronic diseases. In addition, the pathology suffered by people who have recently undergone herpes cytomegalovirus or Epstein – Barr.

Symptoms

Staphylococcus aureus causes the following symptoms:

  • runny nose;
  • high body temperature;
  • strong intoxication;
  • General malaise;
  • inflammation of the areas around the nose;
  • purulent rash;
  • diarrhea;
  • nausea and vomiting.
Характерными признаками Золотистого стафилококка есть насморк, высокая температура, общее недомогание, воспаление участков вокруг носа, гнойные высыпания
Characteristic features of Staphylococcus aureus has a runny nose, fever, malaise, inflammation of the areas around the nose, purulent rashes

Multiplying on the mucous membrane of the nose and other organs of the respiratory system Staphylococcus aureus and provokes the emergence of such diseases:

Please note! Staphylococcus is especially dangerous for newborns, because their code formed with non-healing abscesses and appear colicky.

In some cases, the bacterium can cause massive lung, brain, heart and kidneys. Treatment of children is performed only in a hospital.

Diagnostics

For the detection of Staphylococcus must pass sowing nose for staph and the blood test. Do not be afraid of research, as they do not cause pain and discomfort.

Для диагностирования стафилококка делают посев из носа и анализ крови
To diagnose staph make planting of a nose and a blood test

A swab from the nose, the doctor takes a sterile cotton swab, holding it over the inside surface of the nasopharynx. Then wash with placed in a special vial. A few days later the specialist evaluates the resulting colonies of microorganisms in colour, shape and make a diagnosis.

Please note! If the analysis of the nose revealed a staph infection, then immediately assesses the sensitivity of the detected bacteria to modern antibiotics.

How to treat Staphylococcus aureus?

Treatment of staph in the nose in adults is the use of the following drugs:

  1. Amoxiclav. Tool-based amoxicillin and clavulanic acid. Active against virtually all pathogenic microorganisms. It is prescribed for infectious diseases of the throat, nose, ears, abdomen, genitourinary system. For the treatment of adults the drug is available in form of tablets and powder for intravenous injection, and for children – in suspension.
  2. Cephalexin. The drug is cephalosporins of the first generation. It has a wide bactericidal spectrum of action. Apply the medicine in diseases of ENT-organs, musculoskeletal, infection of urinary and reproductive system in both adults and children.
  3. Ciprofloxacin. Is a generation fluoroquinolone antimicrobial agent series. Effective in diseases of the respiratory system, joints, bones and skin. Can also be used for the prevention of carbuncles, and boils conjunctivitis.
  4. Clindamycin. The medicine belongs to the group of lincozamides. It is devastating for most pathogenic bacteria, including epidermal and Staphylococcus aureus. Prescribed drug for the treatment of respiratory and genital infections in severe form, lesions on the surface of the epidermis, while pathologies of joints and upper respiratory tract. Unlike other antibiotics, is contraindicated for the treatment of children under 6 years. To use Clindamycin after delivery of the crop on sensitivity.
  5. Vancomycin. Is tricycline glycopeptide antibacterial agent. Used for the treatment of osteomyelitis, skin infections, pneumonia, sepsis, and staphylococcal endocarditis. Produce medicine in powder for injection.
  6. Levofloxacin. Used when penicillins and cephalosporins were powerless. Detrimental effect on all groups of pathogenic bacteria. Is prescribed for pneumonia, the pathology of the eye, upper respiratory, infection of the genitourinary system.
  7. Mupirocin. It has antibacterial and bacteriostatic action. Prescribe a drug for the treatment of rhinitis inflammatory processes in the skin, thermal burns and mechanical injuries. Release Mupirocin in the form of ointments that must be applied to the affected area. When staph in the nose it should lubricate the nasal passages.
  8. Retapamulin. The most effective against Staphylococcus aureus. The drug is used in primary impetigo, infected injuries and complicated dermatitis. Skin condition improves in 2-3 days after starting treatment with ointment Retapamulin.

If an adult or child are held annually recurrence of angina, furunkuleza and other inflammatory pathologies caused by S. aureus, then treatment consists of the use of funds for local rehabilitation. These medicines are used for gargling, instillation of the nose, applying on the affected areas of the skin or mucous membranes.

При ежегодных рецидивах гнойно-воспалительных патологий вызванных стафилококком, применяют средства для местной санации в виде полосканий горла, закапываний носа или нанесения на пораженные участки кожи и слизистых
The annual recurrence of inflammatory pathology caused by Staphylococcus aureus, used the funds for local rehabilitation in the form of gargle, nose drops, or applied on the affected areas of the skin and mucous membranes

To enhance the protective functions of the body, experts recommend the use immunomodulators:

  • Imunorix;
  • Poludan;
  • Taktivin.

To remove puffiness will help Tavegil Allergy medications and Zyrtec.

Around the nose if there are ulcers, it should be applied on the affected areas Erythromycinbuy or Tetracycline ointment.

To bury your nose recommended Polideksa or Protargol. Both drugs have antibacterial and vasoconstrictor effect.

The most effective solutions and ointments for the treatment of staphylococcal infections according to doctors are:

  • Baneuoqin;
  • Baktroban;
  • Galavit;
  • Help;
  • Lysozyme;
  • Rivanol;
  • Octenisept;
  • Futsidin;
  • Fukortsin, and others.

Baneocin

Release in the form of ointments for external use. Active ingredients in Baneuoqin are the antibiotics neomycin and bacitracin. They inhibit the activity of Staphylococcus and struggling with a large number of pathogenic microorganisms.

Банеоцин — комбинированный антибактериальный препарат для наружного применения
Baneotsin - combined antibacterial preparation for external use of

Since, for some practically not absorbed into the bloodstream when applied. It is prescribed for abscesses, ulcers and boils on the skin caused by staphylococcal infection.

Chlorophyllipt

The drug reduces the resistance of staphylococci to antibiotics and increases the amount of oxygen in the tissues. To prepare the solution for gargling, mix 5 ml 2% alcoholic solution with ½ Cup of warm water. Rinsing should be carried out 4 times a day.

Galavit

Galavit – immunomodulator possessing anti-inflammatory action. The active component in it is aminodehydroabietic sodium. The drug has a potent immunostimulant and antibacterial effect.

Галавит - иммуномодулятор с выраженным противовоспалительным эффектом
Galavit – immunomodulator with pronounced anti-inflammatory effect

Galavit is prescribed for chronic inflammatory pathologies of the pelvic organs, diseases caused by HPV, as well as for treatment of burns, chronic osteomyelitis, peritonitis and purulent pleurisy.

The product can be used for the treatment of adults and children older than 6 years. Galavit is contraindicated during pregnancy and lactation period.

Fucidin

Constitutes an antibacterial drug on the basis of fusidic acid. Futsidin prescribed for pneumonia, osteomyelitis, endocarditis, furuncles, folliculitis, and other diseases that cause pathogenic bacteria.

The drug is often used patients who have a sensitivity to penicillin. Apply ointment on the infected place should be three times a day for 10 days.

The advantage of Futsidin is that it can be used for the treatment of children from 1 month. It does not cause side effects and almost does not enter the bloodstream when applied topically. Not recommended drug for pregnant and lactating women.

ethnoscience

To treat a staph infection in the throat you can use folk remedies. They reduce pain and anti-inflammatory effect.

One of the most popular folk remedies for gargling is a solution of vinegar. Just combine 10 ml apple cider vinegar with 350 ml of warm water and apply 3 times a day.

Well established with a staph infection fir oil. For the preparation of a therapeutic agent necessary to add 5 drops of oil in 200 ml of water. Rinsing with this mixture throat 2 times a day.

Народная медицина располагает средствами для лечения стафилококка в горле, используя их можно снизить болевой синдром, снять воспаление
Traditional medicine has the means to treat staph in throat – using them, you can reduce pain, relieve inflammation

It is useful for oppression pathogens of the honey water. 250 ml of warm water, add 10 ml honey and mix thoroughly. Rinse hold 5 times a day.

A proven remedy for any sore throat is considered a solution on the basis of salt and soda. For its preparation should take 10 g of both and pour 250 ml of warm water. The rinse is allowed to perform no more than 4 times a day.

prevention

To avoid infection with Staphylococcus aureus should follow some recommendations:

  1. Eat right, include in the diet vegetables and fruits.
  2. To prevent injuries. This will reduce the risk of staph into the body through wounds on the skin.
  3. To keep the body clean, to treat hands with antiseptic or wash with soap and water before eating.
  4. More walk in the fresh air.
  5. To increase physical activity.

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Vladimir Orlov - ENT
Author: Updated article: 14.04.2019
I welcome You on pages of my notes in otolaryngology - diseases of the ear, nose and throat (in common doctor - ENT). 9 years of medical practice in private clinics and hospitals in Moscow and St. Petersburg. Share their personal experiences with the readers of my blog, on this medical website https://simptom-lechenie.ru give advice on symptoms and treatment of ENT diseases of ear, throat, nose. Be healthy!

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