Staphylococcus aureus throat in adults and children – symptoms and treatment

Staphylococcus aureus in the throat is a bacterium belonging to the family cocci. Staphylococci are present in the microflora of each person. They are on the skin, throat and nose. In the process of vital activity of bacteria produce enzymes and toxic substances that destroy the cells of the body. Often, staph infections occur in people with reduced immunity have young children and the elderly.

Золотистый стафилококк наиболее опасный из семейства кокков, так как он чаще остальных видов вызывает заболевание и является наиболее агрессивным
Staphylococcus aureus is the most dangerous of the family of cocci, as it most frequently causes disease and is the most aggressive

Causes of

There are the following ways of transmission of Staphylococcus aureus:

  • airborne;
  • with insufficient hygienic care;
  • in utero.

The factors causing exacerbation of Staphylococcus aureus, the experts include the following:

  • diseases of the nasal cavity and paranasal sinuses;
  • pharyngitis;
  • the inflammatory process in the larynx;
  • bronchitis in the chronic form;
  • caries;
  • dental stones.

If not promptly identify the cause of the staph bacteria in the throat, they can spread to other organs and cause serious complications.

Symptoms in adults

The adult staph in the throat provokes the appearance of the following symptoms:

  • General malaise;
  • drowsiness;
  • poor appetite or lack of it completely;
  • headache;
  • inflammation of the tonsils;
  • increased body temperature;
  • enlarged lymph nodes;
  • pain when swallowing;
  • swelling of the mucous membrane of the throat;
  • white patches in the mouth or pustular formation.

Quite often the symptoms of a staph infection be confused with signs of purulent tonsillitis. However, staphylococci do not respond well to treatment with antibiotics.

Symptoms in children

Staphylococcus aureus in the throat of the child causes these symptoms:

  • a sharp increase in temperature;
  • inflammation and redness of the throat;
  • enlarged tonsils;
  • ulcers on the mucous membrane of the throat;
  • dry cough;
  • lack of appetite;
  • change tone of voice;
  • sore throat;
  • chills;
  • runny nose;
  • fatigue.

If the cause of the children of Staphylococcus aureus is stomatitis, it may appear itchy and tingling sensation, increased salivation.

Diagnostics

For the detection of Staphylococcus aureus should pass a swab from the throat, then the material is considered for the detection of clusters of staphylococci. The result of the analysis manifested in 18-24 hours.

It is extremely important for the patient to go to the antibiogram. Staphylococcus aureus has developed resistance to many known antibiotics.

Чтобы обнаружить бактерию, отделяемое ротоглотки сеют на питательную среду и наблюдают за тем, когда и какие колонии начнут там расти
To detect bacteria, the discharge of the oropharynx are sowing on fertile ground and watching to see when and what the colony will start to grow there

The norm of the constant presence of bacteria in the throat – 10 in 2 degrees. It is worth considering that Staphylococcus aureus should not in any quantity to be present in the human body, because it is considered a pathogenic microorganism. If during diagnosis, the doctor will detect even a small amount of the pathogen, it will immediately begin to pick up the treatment scheme.

Please note! If the patient has the disease often recurs, you should consult an immunologist and infectious disease.

Before testing it is necessary to observe a few guidelines:

  1. 2-3 days not gargle any medicine.
  2. Do not use the throat spray, which contains antibacterial components.
  3. To eat for 8-10 hours before taking a smear.

In addition to the smear from the throat may require additional diagnostic methods.

  • General analysis of blood and urine;
  • the study of feces;
  • smear on the flora of the genito-urinary organs.

complications

Aureus in the nose and throat can cause many severe complications. In infants it can lead to the emergence of epidemic pemphigus. The disease is characterized by formation of small vesicles on the skin containing pus. After they burst, the wounds remain. In some cases, the tissue may decay, leading to surgical intervention.

Стафилококковую инфекцию в горле в горле необходимо лечить, иначе она может распространиться на придаточные пазухи и среднее ухо, вызвав внутричерепные поражения
Staph infection in the throat needs to be treated otherwise it can spread to the sinuses and middle ear, causing intracranial lesions

Staphylococcus aureus produces a poisonous toxin that can easily enter the bloodstream. This leads to toxic shock. The risk of its occurrence increases in women during menstruation, children and people who recently had surgery.

If not treated a staph infection in the throat, it can spread to the sinuses and middle ear, causing intracranial lesions.

How to treat a staph infection in the throat?

Treatment of the infection in the throat in patients of any age without antibiotics. In severe form of the disease will require the introduction of specific anti-staphylococcal immunoglobulin. For the treatment of bacterial infection, experts prescribe the following medications:

  1. Penicillin antibiotics – Oxacillin, Amoxiclav and amoxicillin.
  2. Cephalosporins – Amosin, Kefzol, Cephalexin, Cefazolin, And Cefobid.
  3. Macrolides – Asax, Aziwok, Clarithromycin, Kitazin, Maristat.
  4. Lincosamide – Clindamycin.

For promotion immunity and oppression of Staphylococcus aureus should be used immunomodulators. The most popular are Imudon and IRS-19. Imudon release in the form of tablets for resorption. A day are allowed to take no more than 8 tablets. The course of treatment lasts 10 days.

Пенициллиновый антибиотик для лечения инфекции в горле у пациентов любого возраста
Penicillin antibiotic to treat an infection in the throat in patients of any age

IRS-19 is allowed to be used in the nose, and the mucous membrane of the pharynx. Until the complete disappearance of signs of infection will require a 7-day treatment.

For the relief of pain in the throat you can apply sprays with antibiotics, for example, Miramistin or Bioparox. In addition, gargle allowed antiseptics – alcohol tincture of calendula or Hlorofillipta. Enough to dissolve 20 drops of both tools in 100 ml of water. Rinsing should be carried out to 3 times a day.

To cure a staph infection of the child by using drugs and I have Octenisept. Tablets Lizobakt should dissolve in 1 piece 3 times a day, and Octenisept designed to spray the throat or gargle.

Important! For treatment of staph infection in throat in children do not use immunomodulatory drugs.

Treatment of folk remedies

According to patient feedback, useful for Golden staph to eat apricots and black currants. They strengthen the immune system and adversely affect the bacteria.

Broth

Adverse impact on aureus has a decoction of rose hips. Prepare it should be according to this scheme:

  1. To take 25 g of dry fruits and grind them.
  2. Put in an enamel bowl and pour 200 ml of boiling water.
  3. Leave on low heat for 5 minutes.
  4. To insist 2 hours, then strain.

Enough to drink a decoction of 100 ml before meal twice a day.

Отвары из растений и трав угнетают стафилококк
Decoctions of plants and herbs inhibit staph

at bronchi it is recommended to take a glass Echinacea with the addition of burdock:

  1. Bring to boil 1 liter of water.
  2. Add in water, 20 g of burdock roots and Echinacea.
  3. Simmer on low heat for 15 minutes.
  4. Drain.

Take the remedy 200 ml 3 times a day.

Get rid of Staphylococcus aureus using broth-based plantain. To prepare it it is necessary according to this scheme:

  1. Take 50 grams of dried leaves.
  2. Pour 450 ml of boiling water.
  3. Leave for 1.5 hours in a warm place.

To drink a decoction with 20-30 ml before each meal.

Wellness has the effect of decoction of lime flowers:

  1. Take 50 grams of dried material.
  2. Pour 350 ml of boiling water.
  3. Warm on low heat for 10-15 minutes.
  4. To cool and drain.

Expectorant effect has the broth on the basis of thyme. It should be prepared by the following scheme:

  1. Take 25 g of dry grass.
  2. Pour 250 ml of boiling water.
  3. Boil for half an hour.
  4. To cool and filtered.

Drink the resulting decoction of 70 ml three times a day. Instead of thyme you can use the marshmallow root.

rinse

One of the common treatment options are rinse. They have antibacterial and antiseptic effect.

Полоскания из травяных сборов помогают в лечении золотистого стафилококка
Rinsing of herbal help in the treatment of Staphylococcus aureus

To reduce resistance of bacteria to antibacterial drugs can help the solution of propolis. Enough to take 10 ml of alcohol tincture and dilute to 200 ml of warm water. Rinse hold up to 3 times a day.

For rinsing you can use the herbs. They relieve pain on swallowing food and water.

Please note! If Staphylococcus aureus is detected in the baby's neck, instead of the rinse is allowed to wipe your tonsils and mouth with a cotton swab dipped in the treatment agent.

It is possible to treat staph in the nose decoction of the root of burdock, the roots of couch grass, leaves walnut walnut and white dead-nettle:

  1. Take equal amount of all ingredients, chop and mix thoroughly.
  2. Pour boiling water over.
  3. Leave for 2 hours.

Drink in between meals ½ Cup.

compresses

If Staphylococcus aureus caused by chronic bronchitis, it effectively compresses on the basis of honey. This should take 30 g honey and heat it for a couple of 40-45 °C.

Many healers recommend compresses with aloe. Enough to chop a couple of leaves until smooth and mix in equal quantity with honey. Then, the resulting mixture to warm up.

Компрессы из меда, алоэ, теплого картофельного пюре или чеснока применяются знахарями для лечения стафилококка
Packs of honey, aloe, warm mashed potatoes or garlic are used by traditional healers for the treatment of Staphylococcus

Effective in combating cough use to compress the potatoes. For this you need to boil a couple of potatoes to make them mashed potatoes, cooled to room temperature and use as directed.

Please note! It is impossible to make compresses patients diabetes people with increased body temperature, liver disease and cardiovascular pathologies.

To treat staph in nose and throat you can use garlic. Enough to chop the garlic and cover with water, leave for 2 hours, after which the resultant mixture to moisten the gauze and apply to site of inflammation.

prevention

To prevent staph infection, you should perform the following rules:

  1. To eat a balanced include in the diet more vegetables and fruits.
  2. More walking, active sports.
  3. To stop Smoking.
  4. Boost immunity with vitamin and mineral complexes.
  5. Proper hygiene care.
  6. In a timely manner to treat diseases of the respiratory system.

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Vladimir Orlov - ENT
Author: Updated article: 14.04.2019
I welcome You on pages of my notes in otolaryngology - diseases of the ear, nose and throat (in common doctor - ENT). 9 years of medical practice in private clinics and hospitals in Moscow and St. Petersburg. Share their personal experiences with the readers of my blog, on this medical website https://simptom-lechenie.ru give advice on symptoms and treatment of ENT diseases of ear, throat, nose. Be healthy!

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