Allergology (from the Greek. ἄλλος, the other, another, strange, ἔργον — impact and Λόγος — knowledge of word, science) is a branch of scientific medicine dealing with allergic reactions in humans, animals, and diseases, symptoms, their causes, mechanisms of development, manifestations, methods of instrumental diagnosis, prevention and treatment of allergic diseases.
Diseases in Allergology
To diseases that studies Allergy include:
- allergic conjunctivitis in adults and children;
- nasal allergy;
- hay fever (Allergy to pollen);
- urticaria in children and adults;
- bronchial asthma;
- atopic dermatitis in children;
- allergies to food, flowering, animal dander – cats and dogs insect bitespharmacy medicines allergic to the sun etc.
In this section, we examine a list of all the diseases in Allergy and all popular types of allergies, their diagnosis, symptoms and treatment.
Аллергология и аллергические заболевания
Allergies also known as allergic diseases, are caused by the increased hypersensitivity of the immune system to typically harmless substances-allergens, in the environment. These diseases include hay fever, food allergies, atopic dermatitis, allergic asthma and anaphylaxis in adults and children. Allergy symptoms can include red eyes, itchy rash, sneezing, runny nose, shortness of breath or swelling. Food intolerance and food poisoning are the individual States.
Common allergens include flowering and pollen, certain foods, even the metals and other substances can also cause problems. Food, insect bites, and medications are common causes of acute allergic reactions. Their development is due to both genetic and environmental factors. The basic mechanism involves the antibody immunoglobulin E (IgE), part of body's immune system, binding to the allergen, and then to the receptor on mast cells or basophils, where it triggers the release of inflammatory chemicals such as histamine. Diagnosis is usually based on the history of human disease. Further testing of allergodil on the skin or blood, may be useful in certain cases. Positive tests, however, may not mean that there is a significant allergic to a specific substance, it is still under question, needs more testing.
Early exposure to potential allergens may be protective. Treatment of allergies includes avoiding known allergens and the use of such drugs as steroids and antihistamines. Simple reactions it is recommended you enter Adrenaline (Epinephrine). Immunotherapy allergen , which gradually exposes people more and more amount of allergen useful for certain types of allergies, such as hay fever and reactions to insect bites. Its use in food allergies is unclear.
Allergies are common. In the developed world, about 20% of people suffer from allergic rhinitis, about 6% of people have at least one food Allergy, and about 20% have atopic dermatitis at some point in time. Depending on the country of about 1-18% of people have asthma. Anaphylaxis occurs between 0.05–2% of people. A lot of different allergic diseases and it seems that their number is increasing. The word “Allergy” was first used by Clemens von pirquet in 1906.