Кровь из носа: причины и правила оказания первой помощи детям и взрослым
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11 способов избавиться от своего гнева
Дышать. Произнесите мантру. Визуализировать. Двигайтесь осознанно. Проверить себя. Выходное отверстие. Ищите юмор. Измените ваше окружение. Идентификация триггеров. Быть благодарными. Попросить помощи.
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97 цитат, чтобы вдохновить вас на успех в жизни и бизнесе
Достижение своей мечты - это не маленькая жизненная задача каждого человека. Независимо от того, насколько вы управляете обстоятельствами, иногда жизненные проблемы избивают вас и заставляют вас чувствовать, что вы сдаётесь. Ключ в том, чтобы продолжать идти, чтобы найти некоторую мотивацию, и вот где на помощь приходят вдохновляющие цитаты сильных мира сего - бизнесменов, научных деятелей, философов, изобретателей, мыслителей, писателей, психологов.
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All diseases of the human body and methods of treatment of different pathologies, conditions of the body, conveniently gathered in one place, by Department, areas of medicine and their respective doctors a complete list of all fields of medicine. Every disease in this directory, spelled out the symptoms and similar symptoms associated diseases, methods of treatment and folk medicine recipes treatment, diagnosis and tests, prevention of diseases etc. recommendations and nuances from case to case.
International classification of diseases (ICD) — is a system of grouping diseases and various pathological conditions, which is used as the basis of international classification of health. It is designed to systematize and compare the data about the diseases in different countries. The gist of it is that it transforms the verbal name of the diagnosis in a set of letters and numbers. This code is a winning fact that it is understandable for the doctor, speaking in any language. It also makes possible convenient storage of data, which if needed, you can easily find, for further analysis and comparison.
ICD is built on the decimal system with further detail. ICD-10 is based on the classification of William Farr, which divides all diseases like:
- epidemic disease;
- common disease;
- group of diseases, which are United on the basis of their anatomical location;
- disease that characterize a developmental disorder;
- the trauma of the disease;
ICD consists of 3 main volumes:
- Volume 1 of the ICD — includes the basic classification;
- 2 Tom, ICD — comprises of the user applications that are accessible to all;
- 3 Volume ICD — includes an alphabetical index for the whole classification.
Next, the ICD is divided in 21 classes, each of which has its own letter. It is the letter which designates the class is the first character encoded in the ICD.
Classes of diseases, ICD:
- 1 – pathology, which are caused by infections and parasites;
- 2 — tumors;
- 3 — pathological disorders that affect the blood-forming organs, the blood;
- 4 — endocrinological disease;
- 5 — mental pathology;
- 6 — disorders of the nervous system;
- 7 — ophthalmic disease;
- 8 — disease affecting hearing aid;
- 9 — disorders of the circulatory system;
- 10 — pathology of the respiratory system;
- 11 — diseases that affect the digestive tract;
- 12 — skin diseases;
- 13 — defeat bone-muscular and connective tissue;
- 14 — diseases of the genitourinary system;
- 15 — a generic and postpartum periods of pregnancy;
- 16 — pathology originating in the perinatal period;
- 17 — congenital and genetic disorders;
- 18 — pathology that does not belong to the previous classes;
- 19 — impact of the external environment;
- 20 environmental factors affecting the incidence;
- 21 — factors that affect the health of the population.
Classes, in turn divided into blocks of columns, which consist of three characters, sometimes it can be added another sign.
But since the ICD may not include all of the additional classification, remaining same available to each user, that was another solution. Was created family, which were published separately and used only when necessary.
The prostate, like other diseases, has its own code. According to the international classification, it is included in the unit of diseases of male genital organs (N40 – N51). In the unit include diseases that affect the testes, penis and prostate.
For example, acute prostatitis:
- N40 — neoplasm prostate benign nature (adenoma, myoma, of fibroma);
- N41 — inflammation of the prostate;
- N42 — other diseases of the prostate that often are the complications of prostatitis;
- N51 — diseases of the prostate, which is caused by diseases of other organs.
If you need to specify the form of the disease, there is added another figure:
- N41.0 — the Acute form of prostatitis;
- N41.1 — inflammation of the prostate in the chronic form;
- N41.2 — abscess of the prostate, which evolved from prostatitis;
- N41.3 is prostatitis, which is accompanied by the presence of inflammatory lesion in urinary bladder;
Please note that prostate disease can be found not only among the class of diseases of the male genital organs. Because the etiology of the diseases can be different.
If the inflammation of the prostate caused by infections that are transmitted sexually, in the classification it will be under code A. 50 — A. 64. For example:
- A. 54.2+ is prostatitis, which is caused by the gonococcus;
- A. 59.0+ — the causative agent of this prostatitis is Trichomonas.
To be eligible to give some kind of a trouble code, you need to have a good reason for it. To obtain them you must first confirm the diagnosis by careful study of the patient's body.
The common man seldom understands the significance of these figures, but he does not have. Doctors do not know the code of each disease, but some they need to know. Diseases such as cancer and AIDS required to study, because when transferring a patient to another hospital, they most often are written in a code name to preserve confidentiality from prying eyes. In hospital sick leaves also try to use encoding.