radionuclide scanning
radionuclide scanning

Radionuclide scan. Cortical radionuclide markers that are associated with the cells of the proximal tubules , is used to quantify excretion. Excretory markers, which are rapidly filtered and secreted, excreted in urine, is used for quantitative evaluation of excretory processes. Radionuclide studies are informative in the diagnosis of embolism of segmental...

Magnetic resonance imaging
Magnetic resonance imaging

Magnetic resonance imaging. For patients MRI safer than CT because it does not cause contrast nephropathy. MRI angiography is used to strengthen the blood vessel imaging have virtually replaced angiography in the diagnosis of renal artery stenosis and thrombosis of the renal veins. It is also used for the differential diagnosis of hemorrhage...

ultrasonography
ultrasonography

Ultrasonography. Ultrasonography is widely used as a non-invasive method of screening diagnostics of many diseases of the kidneys, urinary tract and reproductive organs . Special preparation is not required. It is to a certain extent can be difficult to do especially obese patients. The study allows to assess the shape, size, location...

Angiography
Angiography

Angiography. Angiography has been largely replaced by noninvasive methods of imaging . Readings remain in the renal study the concentration of renin in the renal veins, angioplasty and stenting in patients with stenosis of the renal arteries. Arteriography is also often used for the evaluation and treatment of renal bleeding and before...

cystourethrography
cystourethrography

If cystourethrography x-ray contrast preparation is injected directly into the urethra and bladder. The technique is more accurate than WU for assessment vesicoureteral reflux, incontinence, recurrent UTIS, urethral strictures, and suspected injuries to the urethra or bladder. Excretory cystourethrography occurs during urination and...

Retrogradnaya ureteropielografiya
Retrogradnaya ureteropielografiya

Retrograde ureteropyelography today are used much less frequently, mainly for the detail of the changes of the ureter below the obstruction, as well as assessment of changes in standard renal pelvis system in conditions of high contrast in cases of suspected tuberculosis, papillary tumor of renal and ureteral fistulas. The study includes urethrocystoscopy with...

antegrade pyelography
antegrade pyelography

When antegrade pyeloureterostomy of radiopaque drug is administered at nevalstisko drainage, rarely by percutaneous puncture of the kidney under ultrasound or x-ray guidance, sometimes contrastirovania performed at ureterostomy or via subcutaneous urinary conduit retrograde. The study shows for the detail of the changes of the upper urinary tract, establish the cause and...

descending urography
descending urography

At excretory urography, the main contraindications are: Allergy to iodine and risk factors of contrast nephropathy. Excretory urography was previously used as an independent method of research. Today it is successfully replaced with contrastirovania MSCT and MRI of the kidneys and urinary tract. Additional x-rays...

X-ray analysis
X-ray analysis

X-ray diffraction study – an Overview of the urinary system performed in the beginning of each contrast studies, in addition, it can detect about 15% of kidney stones. Radiography after intravenous water-soluble contrast agent allows visualization of the kidneys and urinary tract system. Nonionic isoosmolar...