blood tests for creatinine concentration
Blood tests for serum creatinine concentration can be estimated by the CrC, taking into account that the volume of urine and creatinine in the above equation is approximately constant. The concentration of CrC depends on diet, age, and muscle mass. Body weight[kg] plasma Creatinine[mg/DL] For women design...
Angiography. Angiography has been largely replaced by noninvasive methods of imaging . Readings remain in the renal study the concentration of renin in the renal veins, angioplasty and stenting in patients with stenosis of the renal arteries. Arteriography is also often used for the evaluation and treatment of renal bleeding and before...
When antegrade pyeloureterostomy of radiopaque drug is administered at nevalstisko drainage, rarely by percutaneous puncture of the kidney under ultrasound or x-ray guidance, sometimes contrastirovania performed at ureterostomy or via subcutaneous urinary conduit retrograde. The study shows for the detail of the changes of the upper urinary tract, establish the cause and...
Antithyroids - what is it? The reasons for the increase, possible pathologies and their treatment
Antithyroids - what is it? What kind of pathologies can say a deviation from the norm? Diagnosis. The symptoms and treatment.
Why increased basophils in the blood in an adult? What it might mean and what to do?
Increased basophils in the blood of adult - what could this mean? What pathology or physiological reasons can there be? Causes and treatment of abnormalities.
Bacteria in urine – causes and explanation about the result
That means bacteria in the urine: causes and decoding of test results. As evidenced by bacteria in the urine of children and pregnant women.
Protein in urine – is this normal? Causes, pathology, treatment
Protein in urine indicators and standards. Benign causes of deviations and serious pathology. How to test and when to start treatment.
Biopsy of the bladder mucosa
A biopsy should be performed by trained specialist. Relative contraindications to renal biopsy are hemorrhagic diathesis, single kidney and misunderstanding of the patient. It is possible to prepare sedatives, analgesics and atropine. The most dangerous complication is a severe renal bleeding with hematoma formation prerenalnaya. Sometimes require blood transfusion, the rise...
Cervical biopsy - what it is, when appointed, and how conducted? Is it painful? Reviews
What is a biopsy of the cervix and who is assigned to the procedure. How to make a biopsy of the cervix: preparation, choice of method, recovery period. That identified by biopsy of the cervix – transcript of results
Biopsy - what is it? When shown the study, what kinds are there? Preparation, conduct and results
What is a biopsy? Types and indications for. The procedure. How to prepare? In some cases, a biopsy is contraindicated. Care after the procedure. Price.
When you are assigned a bronchoscopy is and how it is conducted? Training, the cost of the procedure
What is a bronchoscopy? Allowing you to learn the procedure? In some cases, doctors are assigned a bronchoscopy is and how it goes?
Probing the urethra. Probing the urethra is used to not rapid expansion of the structures of the urethra and the elimination of metastanate. Meatholes girls oligourethane eliminate the bougie. When expressed structures of the urethra in men, apply a thin conductor, which is carried out above the constriction. By the end of the bougie to join the growing...
Elevated hematocrit in the blood - causes and possible diseases. Normalization of hematocrit
Elevated hematocrit in the blood in children and adults: physiological causes and disease. Dangerous deviation from the norm and possible treatment.
When you need the help of a gastroenterologist that he heals? Where the doctor accepts?
Who is a gastroenterologist. That treats adult and pediatric gastroenterologist. What symptoms, consult a gastroenterologist. Where the doctor accepts. How is the survey. Treatment and prevention of gastrointestinal diseases.
Hematocrit below normal what does that mean? Causes, pathology, methods normalization
Hematocrit below normal indicates a reduced number of red blood cells. Such a deviation arises in a number of diseases of internal organs. In pregnant women a slight decrease in hematocrit is normal.
Of the uterus hysteroscopy (removal of polyps) - when is surgery indicated? Preparation, conduct. The cost of the procedure
What is polyps. Why you need to remove polyps in the uterus. Who is a hysteroscopy of the uterus. Contraindications. How is the preparation for surgery. Possible complications and their treatment. The value of hysteroscopy. Reviews.
Glutamate and aspartate
These amino acids are the major stimulating neurotransmitter in the Central nervous system. They are found in the cerebral cortex, cerebellum and spinal cord. In response to the effects of glutamate in neurons increases the synthesis of nitric oxide. Excessive concentrations of glutamate can have a toxic effect, increasing the level of intracellular Ca2+,...
Glucometers - what are and what better to choose? The ranking of the best models, prices, features, reviews
What is the meter? What types of glucometers are. What criteria should be used to select the device. Best glucometers 2017-2018 Specifications, prices and reviews.
The hormone progesterone – role in a woman's body. How dangerous is it a deficit or surplus?
The hormone progesterone – effect on a woman's body. What causes excess or deficiency of the hormone in the body? How to raise or lower the level of progesterone?
Thick blood in women - cause, symptoms, treatment of medicines and homemade methods
Thick blood in women: the causes of the phenomenon, symptoms, possible risk. Therapies: traditional medicine, drugs, correction of diet.
Doppler in pregnancy – what it is and what it shows?
What is Doppler and how it works? Condition which prescribed Doppler in pregnancy, and diseases that can be diagnosed with it.
Why do we need an analysis on Helicobacter pylori and how to donate
Analysis of Helicobacter pylori is an important tool for gastroenterologists. What problems does it solve and how is. Clinical value of the study.
Cal green adult - why is this happening? Disease, diagnosis and treatment
Feces green in the adult - causes, possible pathology. The type definition of pathology by the nature of the chair and other additional features. Causes of disorders of defecation in adults. Therapy of various diseases, which appear green stool.
How to prepare for gastroscopy of the stomach?
Gastroscopy of the stomach - the main rules for the preparation of the patient for the procedure. What to do in the first and second half of the day before the procedure?
How is the barium enema intestinal? Preparation for the procedure
What is a barium enema bowel: indications and contraindications to the procedure. The stages of preparation and holding of the barium enema. Reviews of patients.
What indicates renal ultrasound how is it performed? Training. The cost
Why do an ultrasound of the kidneys: the essence of the procedure and indications for. Preparation for ultrasound of kidneys, the results and their interpretation. Cost.
How is scintigraphic study
Share important information about the procedure: indications, stages, characteristics of. All the most important thing in one article.
Ovulation test - what day of the cycle and how to conduct? Types of tests and the cost
Why ovulation test – the purpose of the study. How to do ovulation test: calculation of the day of testing, assessment of results. Overview of the most popular ovulation tests.
How to make a gastroscopy without swallowing the probe? Alternatives
How is a gastroscopy of the stomach without swallowing probe: capsule, radiography, computed tomography, electrogastrography. The pros and cons of the procedure.
What cures a dermatologist, when you need his advice? Where the doctor accepts, how much it costs
What diseases and problems are dealt with by a dermatologist: a list of pathologies and specialty physician. What symptoms are treated by the dermatologist: danger signs of skin diseases. How is the reception of the dermatologist: where the doctor accepts, how to prepare for the examination, analysis and research, treatment methods
Infectious disease physician - he heals and when should you visit it? How is the consultation, where the doctor accepts
Who infectious disease: specialization, list of services, list of diseases of concern to the doctor. When you need a doctor: the symptoms of infectious pathologies, preventive advice. Reception in infectious diseases: where she is, how much is a consultation
Feces with blood in adults – which means unpleasant symptom?
Blood in the stool – what can testify to this unpleasant phenomenon? What are the methods to identify the disease, how to prepare for the exam. The methods of treatment.
Catheterization of the bladder. Catheterization of the bladder in the urethra, is used for emptying, thus can be obtained the urine for the study, the measured residual urine volume. Catheterization is carried out by injection of the radiopaque medium for cystography, instillation of drugs in diseases of the bladder. Emergency...
Coagulation of the blood when the necessary analysis and what it shows?
What is coagulation of blood. How to interpret the analysis. Why it is prescribed before surgery? Coagulation in pregnancy.
When you can do a pregnancy test? How many days will show a reliable result?
When you can do a pregnancy test? On what day after the alleged conception it will show the correct result? Types of tests and rules of procedure.
Colonoscopy bowel – how to prepare for the procedure
What is a colonoscopy of the intestine and why it is considered the most effective in the diagnosis of diseases of the intestine. The stages of preparation, reviews of doctors and patients.
Colposcopy – what is it and how often it should be done?
What is colposcopy – simple and advanced. What it is doing. How to decipher the results of the colposcopy. Reviews about the procedure.
Coronary angiography of the vessels of the heart - the essence of the procedure, when it is prescribed? Preparation, possible complications. The cost
What is coronary angiography of the heart vessels: why and how is the procedure who is appointed. The results of coronary angiography and possible complications.
CT – computed tomography
What is a CT or computed tomography? CT — computed tomography, non-invasive method to quickly obtain an image of the structures of the brain and skull. X-ray contrast agents help to identify brain tumors and abscesses. CT without contrast is used for rapid diagnosis of acute hemorrhage and various tough...
The spine in spinal disorders - when to refer? Methods of diagnosis and treatment. The cost of consulting
That treats the spine - a list of diseases. Under what symptoms to contact? How is the reception? Methods of diagnosis and treatment. The cost of consulting
Hematologist - what kind of doctor what the pathology treats when to apply?
That examines and treats the hematologist: main duties and responsibilities of the doctor, list of hematologic abnormalities. In some cases, appeal to the hematologist: alarming symptoms of pathologies in children and adults and preventive examinations. Reception at the hematologist: where to how to prepare, stages, tests and treatment
Trauma - what problems to address to the doctor? Where it takes, the cost of consulting. When necessary traumatologist?
Who is the trauma that he heals? If any symptoms apply. Where there is trauma and how is the inspection. Who is a traumatologist-orthopedist
Laparoscopy in gynecology - what is this operation? Who and when is it shown? Possible effects, reviews, cost
Laparoscopy in gynaecology – diagnostic and minimally invasive surgical method. Is used for many pathologies of the pelvic organs. How is it performed? Indications for the operation. Contraindications and possible consequences.
Lumbar puncture is used to assess intracranial pressure and composition of cerebrospinal fluid, administration of medicines or x-ray contrast agents for malegra-IFE. Relative contraindications include infection at the site of the proposed puncture, hemorrhagic diathesis, increased intracranial pressure and malformation Chiari type, impeding the current of the cerebrospinal fluid. When...
Magnetic resonance imaging
Magnetic resonance imaging. For patients MRI safer than CT because it does not cause contrast nephropathy. MRI angiography is used to strengthen the blood vessel imaging have virtually replaced angiography in the diagnosis of renal artery stenosis and thrombosis of the renal veins. It is also used for the differential diagnosis of hemorrhage...
Mammography and breast ultrasound – what type of diagnostics should I choose?
What are mammography and breast ultrasound – definition and principles of both methods, their specifics, pros and cons, safety and efficacy
Материалы и устройства в лабораторной диагностике
Применение современного расходного материла и лабораторного оборудования позволяет выполнять быстрый и удобный забор биоматериала, проводить анализы и обработку результатов. В лабораторной диагностике используется широкий спектр материалов и устройств: вакуумные пробирки; иглы для взятия крови; автоматические ланцеты; пробирки, полимерные изделия; биохимические, гематологические, мочевые анализаторы; реагенты.
Myelography — a method of x-ray examination of the spinal cord by injection of contrast into the subarachnoid space through a lumbar puncture. MRI has replaced myelography in the diagnosis of pathological processes in the spinal canal, but if you can't perform an MRI continues to be used CT-myelography. Contraindications are the same as in...
Microscopic analysis of urine
A microscopic analysis. Detection of solid elements requires microscopic analysis, ideally conducted immediately after the rapid test and urination. The sample is prepared by centrifugation of 10-15 ml of urine at 1500-2500 rpm for 5 min. the Supernatant is completely removed, a small amount of urine remains with the sediment...
Urea in the blood - what is it? Norm of urea. Reasons for the increasing and treatment of deviations
What is urea in the blood? Standards indicator. For some reason its concentration increases or decreases? What kind of diseases can talk of change?
MRI – Magnetic resonance imaging
What is MRI or Magnetic resonance imaging? MRI (Magnetic resonance imaging) produces images of neural structures with a higher resolution compared to CT. This distinction has the greatest clinical significance for the visualization of lesions of the brain and pathological processes in the posterior cranial fossa; the image of this...
MRI of the cervical spine – how it's performed, and what shows
When to do an MRI of the cervical spine? What can show this procedure? Features MRI cervical-thoracic spine.
Neurologist and neurologist - what is the difference and when should I contact the doctor?
Neurologist and neurologist - what is the difference between these doctors and that you treat what disease? When the symptoms, consult a doctor, neurologist or neurologist. How is diagnostic testing and treatment. How much earn doctors abroad.
What a neurologist is and when it should apply? What treats of children and adults? Where it takes and how much it costs
What a neurologist is and what it treats. When the symptoms, consult a neurologist for adults and children. How is the survey and how much it costs.
When you need a neurologist - symptoms and disease. Where she is a neurologist, how is the consultation. The cost
Who is the neurologist - a doctor that treats? Under any symptoms of it? Where she is a neurologist, as he is being examined.
Neurotransmission. The neuron generates and sends a nerve impulse in its axon, then transmits this signal across a synapse by releasing neurotransmitters that cause a reaction in another neuron or effector cell. The signal has a stimulating or inhibitory effects on the cell depending on the neurotransmitter...
Who is a nephrologist that treats the doctor, and when should it? Where can I sign up to a nephrologist
Who is the nephrologist. When it follows to ask him what disease cures? How is the reception which tests are administered. Where the appointment with the nephrologist in Russia.
The leukocytes in the blood - males, women, and children. Causes and treatment of deviations
The white blood cell count - variety. Norma leukocytes to the blood of men, women, children. The reasons for the increase or decrease of white blood cells. How to treat leukocytosis and leukopenia. Prevention and types of leukocytes and lymphocytes.
The rate of blood clotting in women. Deviations and their causes
Blood clotting in women - what level is considered normal?Existing tests to determine the level of clotting, therapies abnormalities.
The norm of platelets in females the table, the deviations and their causes
What is the normal platelet counts in blood of women? Why changes in their number and what are the symptoms? Common causes of deviations we will examine in this article.
Норма ХГЧ при беременности
Что такое анализ ХГЧ (хронический гонадотропин человека) при беременности и для чего он нужен? Нормы ХГЧ при беременности и отклонения от нормы. Что нужно знать об анализе.
What is ELISA-analysis and when it is prescribed? The method, preparation, decoding of the result
That shows ELISA analysis and who is assigned to research? The method and preparation for the procedure. The results of IFA test and their definitions.
General analysis of blood in adults – explanation indicators
Transcript of blood. What parameters are studied, the clinical significance of each indicator separately and their integrated assessment.
Who is an orthodontist, what problems it? Where the doctor accepts? Prices for services, reviews
What cures orthodontist. In what cases to address to the orthodontist. How is the reception at the orthodontist. Take orthodontist. Prices for the services. Reviews of patients.
Ophthalmologist - what kind of doctor treats what diseases? What kind of symptoms to contact?
What cures ophthalmologist. Where the doctor accepts? In which cases should be referred to an ophthalmologist. How is the examination by a specialist.
The aim of our journal is that in Russia the doctors tried to be cynical, wrote articles understandable simple language with a transcript of all the terms. After all, the patient needs to know why something hurts, it is dangerous, how to treat it how to behave. Unfortunately, every year the attitudes of doctors to patients is not changing, though the level of medicine is growing. It's our mentality. The salary of the doctors here does not matter. What would the salary is not always enough. And we taught our physicians to such a relation. "Without the bag" nobody goes to the doctor. Then the attitude immediately become the other, and the diagnosis will decipher and explain everything. Our medical portal will help you to understand Symptoms and treatment of diseases various types and complexities. Without it, our hospitals just send you for a blood test that will say that you need to take on an empty stomach. Diagnosis to decipher the handwriting, which does not read itself to you normally no help. And here in the US or Europe doctors before sending you on any procedure will tell you in detail about your diagnosis, talk about what tests you need to take, what procedures to go, be warned of the possible consequences, complications, all commenting on. How would it not deplorable sounded, but we are far from the European level of medical care.